1918 Miss Held and Pro-German Sentiments

  • WWI Recruitment Poster

    Fear and anger leads to trouble

    On January 14th, 1918, the Toronto Board of Education accepted the resignation of Carlton School teacher Freda Held, accused of pro-German bias. (Soon after she withdrew her resignation.) The charges were that she had uttered pro-German sentiments, that her brother had evaded military service and she had supported his actions. The drama that led to the acceptance of her second resignation on May 18 included: outraged trustee debate, witness testimony, Freda Held's response, both in the press and to the Board, Board members engaged in fisticuffs and blood on the boardroom floor.

    Central Recruiting Committee, No. 2 Military Division, Toronto

    Printed paper


    Black and red printed ink poster in 7 lines of bold text with elaborate double border, two flags top