1860 Contagious Diseases

  • Waiting to see the School Nurse

    Vaccination in Schools

    The first vaccine produced to eradicate illness was for smallpox. In 1860, students were required to receive the smallpox vaccine before entering school in the fall. This was the only available vaccine until 1879 when one was developed for cholera. In the early part of the twentieth century, schools began vaccinating students as part of a comprehensive medical program which began in 1910. The smallpox vaccine left a visible circular scar on the upper arm of those who received it.

    Photographer unknown

    Black and white photograph

    2012.X.016.p111

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    Black and white photo of a woman seated at a desk handing a piece of paper to a child